Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a global public health issue. Physiotherapy is one of the most imperative conservative approaches for LBP patients. Beliefs of physiotherapists are ...
Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a global public health issue. Physiotherapy is one of the most imperative conservative approaches for LBP patients. Beliefs of physiotherapists are seen to have a significant impact on treatment choices;however, beliefs that are not based on current evidence may lead to erroneous clinical decision-making. The present study explored the beliefs of physiotherapy students about low back pain.Methods: This cross-sectional study was designed to detect the presence of myths among Indian undergraduate physiotherapy students using a predesigned survey outlining the “myths of back pain.” Bachelor of Physiotherapy studentsfrom different academic years of various colleges across India’s north zone participated in the study. Survey questions were designed to identify the myths related to disease pathophysiology, treatment, and diagnostic tools.
Results: A total of 265 physiotherapy students participated in the study. Among the participants, 31.7% were males, and 61.3% were females. The data revealed that most physiotherapy students hold incorrect beliefs, with major myths being (1) LBP is caused by poor posture when sitting, standing, and lifting; (2) LBP will become persistent and deteriorate in later life; and (3) LBP is caused by weak core muscles, and having a strong core protects against future LBP. There were some differences in a few myths based on academic years.Conclusion: Physiotherapy students have wrong beliefs associated with LBP. Educational programs should work towards developing courses that dispel these erroneous “beliefs.”