Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a global public health issue. Physiotherapy is one of the most imperative conservative approaches for LBP patients. Beliefs of physiotherapists is seen to have a significant impact on treatment choices. Beliefs that are not based on the current evidence may lead to erroneous clinical decision-making. The present study explores the beliefs of physiotherapy students about low back pain.
Methods:This cross-sectional study was designed to detect the presence of myths among Indian undergraduate physiotherapy students using a predesigned survey outlining the ‘myths of back pain.’ Bachelor of Physiotherapy students from different academic years of various colleges across India’s north zone participated in the study. Survey questions were designed to identify the myths related to disease pathophysiology, treatment, and diagnostic tools.
A total of 265 physiotherapy students participated in the study. Among the participants, 31.7% were males, and 61.3% were females. The data discovered that most physiotherapy students hold wrong beliefs, with major myths being (1) LBP is caused by poor posture when sitting, standing, and lifting, (2) LBP will become persistent and deteriorate in later life, and (3) LBP is caused by weak core muscles and having a strong core protects against future LBP. There was a difference in a few myths based on academic years.
Conclusion: Physiotherapy students had wrong beliefs associated with LBP. Educational programs should work towards developing courses that dispel these erroneous “beliefs.”