Background : Cerebral palsy is the most common physical disability in childhood. Children with cerebral palsy suffer from multiple problems and potential disabilities making it more difficult to treat. Having scales together with other diagnostic tools in order to an accurate assessment and set an effective treatment plan for these children have become more essential. The main purpose of this study is to review ICF-based functional classification systems in children with cerebral palsy and the relationship between these systems.
methods: This study was conducted to review ICF-based functional classification systems. Google Scholar, PubMed, ERIC, OVID, ProQuest, Scopus, Web of Knowledge, OTseeker were searched by keywords including cerebral palsy and keywords related to the body function, activity and participation until September 2022.
Results: According to the reviewed articles, five valid and reliable classification systems have been developed. The relationship among these classification systems was moderate in most studies. The simplicity and completeness of these classification systems have changed the description of the functional status of children with CP and the quality of their care. However, to complete this description, other classification systems for other neglected functions are warranted.
Conclusion: The results of this review showed that classification systems for some functions for children with CP were developed. The development of other new systems for neglected functions along with the aforementioned classification systems can provide an overall and integrated overview of the most important functional capacities and performances of children with CP.