Document Type : Original Articles


1 Physical Therapy Department, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Rehabilitation Sciences Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran


Background: Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most common knee pathologies that is highly prevalent in adolescents and adults. Patients who suffer from this syndrome usually experience weakness in the hip and knee muscles, as well as myofascial trigger points in the lumbopelvic- hip region, which can negatively impact their lower limb biomechanics. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise therapy combined with self-myofascial release (SMFR) techniques for quadriceps, gluteus medius, and quadratus lumborum muscles on pain, function, and balance in these patients through telerehabilitation.
Methods: The study will be a prospective, single-blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial, involving 60 patients who will be randomly allocated to either an experimental group that will receive four weeks of exercise therapy with SMFR techniques through telerehabilitation or a control group that will receive four weeks of exercise therapy only in the same manner.  The outcome measures will include pain, pressure pain threshold, function, and balance. Data will be collected at baseline, at the end of treatment and two weeks after treatment.
Results: Ultimately, the results of this study will provide evidence regarding the efficacy of exercise therapy combined with SMFR techniques for quadriceps, gluteus medius, and quadratus lumborum muscles on pain, function, and balance in patients with PFPS through telerehabilitation.


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