Document Type : Original Articles
1 Assistant Professor of Audiology, Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Audiology, Hearing Disorder Research Center. Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: Late identification and intervention of hearing loss in children can negatively impact their hearing, language, and cognitive skills. As parents of hearing-impaired children (HIC) experience high levels of stress and depression, this study sought to examine the effect of early intervention on the general health of parents of HIC.
Method: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted with parents of moderate to severe HIC who received either early or late intervention. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), which measures the four subscales of physical symptoms, anxiety, social dysfunction, and depression, was administered to both groups of parents. The independent t-test, an analysis of variance, and the tukey test were employed to compare general health and its subscales between the two groups.
Results: A significant difference (Pv = 0.042) was found between the overall general health scores of parents (fathers and mothers) of HIC with early interventions and parents of HIC with late interventions, particularly on the social dysfunction subscale (Pv = 0.003). Mothers of children with late interventions exhibited greater disturbance on the GHQ’s social dysfunction subscale than did other parents (Pv = <0.05).
Conclusion: Early intervention enhances the general health of HIC’s parents, particularly in the social dysfunction subscale. The late intervention has a greater impact on the general health and social function of HIC mothers than on the general health of other parents.