Document Type : Literature Reviews

Authors

1 Manijeh Zarei Mahmood Abadi (MSc) Department of Speech Therapy, Pediatric Center of Excellence, Children’s Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Speech Therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Physical Therapy, Pediatric Center of Excellence, Children’s Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

10.30476/jrsr.2022.93713.1245

Abstract

Background: the other reasons of dysphagia in patients at risk respiratory systems during COVID-19 pandemic and muscle weakness. During COVID-19 pandemic rehabilitation program becomes critical problem. The purpose of this narrative review was to answer this question “What is the modified management of dysphagia in patients with COVID-19 by the SLPs?”
Method: The databases was searched such as Medline, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus for information about ‘COVID-19 and dysphagia’ using search words such as “COVID-19 and dysphagia’, ‘speech therapy and COVID-19’, ‘COVID-19 and dysphagia speech and language pathologist’. As this review concentrate on the interventin of dysphagia throughout the Covid-19 pandemic, we encompassed the reference list of articles organized by this search strategy and selected those we considered relevant in keeping with our keywords.
Result: 27 articles were considered for this review  among 83 articles that had been selected in the first round. There were very limited clinical or original articles with this regard. The main topics that these publishedpapers talked about includes dysphagia intervention and COVID-19 transmission risk and swallowing assessment and therapy in patients with COVID-19 by SLPs, dysphagia screening tools, kinds of swallowing treatment and sensory stimulation in patients with COVID-19, swallowing exercises and maneuvers in cases with COVID-19 by SLPs .
Conclusion: As instrumental evaluation of swallowing should be narrow in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic, SLPs would be better to find different ways for appropriate management of patients with suspected dysphagia. generally, dysphagia intervention should be reserved for tele-health.

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