Document Type : Original Articles


master student speech therapy


Background: In the age of 18–19 months, a child’s lexicon increases by acquisition of five words per week. Linguists consider this a period of vocabulary spurt. In the early stages of language acquisition, the diversity of vocabulary also increases in addition to an increase in the number of words. The goal of the present study was to examine the distribution of different types of expressive words in 18–24-month-old Sorani-Kurdish-speaking children.Methods: The present research was conducted in a longitudinal form (for three months) on 16 Kurdish infants of Bukan )four girls and four boys of 18 months in age, and four girls and four boys of 21 months). Normal children were selected, based on their health and demographic records. The data collection materials included a weekly vocabulary recording sheet, a vocabulary list, and a demographic questionnaire. All the data were analyzed using SPSS version 22 software, with the significance level set at 0. 05. Since the data were normally distributed, independent samples were subjected to T-tests and repeated measures ANOVA were used to compare the vocabulary distribution (nouns, adjectives, verbs, and adverbs) in gender and age groups.Results: There was no significant difference between genders in the number and type of words (p>0.05). In both groups, with increasing age, the number and variation of the words increased (p<0.05). The most frequently expressed words were nouns, adjectives, verbs and adverbs. Among the expressed nouns, the most common ones were food categories (19.51%). Of the expressed adjectives, the most common ones related to condition. Among the expressed verbs, the most common ones were imperatives (80%) and positives (90%). Among the expressed adverbs, the most common ones were adverbs of place (90%).Conclusion: It seems from the findings that the distribution and diversity of vocabulary categories follow a pattern similar to other languages. 


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