Document Type: Original Articles


1 Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences & Health Services, Hamadan, Iran

2 Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences & Health Services, Hamadan, Iran


Background: Exposure to loud music from sources such as portable music players (PMP), especially among adolescents, can lead to noise-induced hearing loss. The aims of this study are as follows: 1) investigate the prevalence of headphone use in Iranian University students by assessing their behavior, 2) determine the type of headphones used, and 3) ascertain the type of music player used.Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 250 students from Hamadan University of medical sciences and health services were randomly selected to fill out a questionnaire.Results: Overall, 91.2% of students were found to use headphones, 10.4% of which used headphones more than 1 hour a day, and 52% of them used volume setting higher than three fourths of the output capacity. The most common music player was a mobile phone, and the most common headphone type was the inserted type. Tinnitus was reported among 34.4% of users following the use of personal music player. Conclusion: The use of personal music players amongst students was found to be very high in the study setting.


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