Document Type : Original Articles


1 PhD of Occupational therapy, Department of occupational therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD, Professor, Rehabilitation Research Renter, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 PhD, Associate Professor, Rehabilitation research centre, department of occupational therapy, school of rehabilitation sciences, iran university of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran


Background: Regarding the prevalence of stroke, an economical and reliable questionnaire is needed for use in research and rehabilitation to measure the amount of burden of these patients’ caregivers. In addition, to our knowledge there is no exclusive instrument to assess stroke caregivers’ burden in Persian language.
Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the validity and reliability of burden scale for family caregivers-short (BSFC-s) in stroke patients’ caregivers.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 51 stroke patients and their caregivers were studied.Construct validity of the questionnaire was evaluated by Spearman and Eta correlation. Cronbach’s Alfa was used to assess internal consistency. Factorial structure was evaluated by exploratory analysis. It is a translated version of English questionnaire.
Results: The test-retest reliability of the questionnaire was calculated to be 0.93 and the questionnaire’s internal consistency was 0.93. The construct validity of the questionnaire was acceptable.
Conclusions: In general, it can be said that this questionnaire has a good structure for assessing the burden of caregivers. In addition, by 10 items we can consider this questionnaire as an economically viable option in research and practice.