Objective: To estimate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and to evaluate the risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in senior students of Rehabilitation School of Shiraz University.
Methods: 53 senior physical and occupational therapy students with an average age of 22-42 years participated in this cross-sectional study. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used to evaluate work-related musculoskeletal disorders and the postural analysis was performed using Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA).
Results: In our study, there was a high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in the lower back, hand, neck, and shoulder regions. Approximately, 47% of the students reported lower back pain in the past 12 months, respectively. Disability in the lower back (23%) was the most common disorder in senior physical and occupational therapy students. The results of sub-group analysis based on sex showed that the low back was the body region with the highest prevalence of pain. Also based on the BMI, the neck is highly reported for having pain. In addition, 36% of the senior students based on the REBA tool had a highly risk level for developing musculoskeletal disorders, while the prevalence of medium risk level was 49%.
Conclusion: The results of the present study indicate that lower back pain was the most common musculoskeletal disorder among the senior physiotherapy and occupational therapy students. This research also showed that based on the REBA tool, 36% of the senior students had a high risk level of developing musculoskeletal disorders.