Document Type : Original Articles


1 Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran .

2 Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

3 Assistant professor in Health education and promotion, Department of public health, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran.



Addiction destroys lifestyles and affects the individual, family and society. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between resilience, locus of control and emotional intelligence in opium addicts. Recognizing the weaknesses of this group helps them to recover and can provide preventive strategies for society.
 A total 40 male opium addicts were selected by convenience sampling from Ibn-e-Sina Center in Shiraz. Rotter, Shrink, Connor-Davidson and Demographic questionnaires were used in this cross-sectional study and Pearson test was used to obtain the correlation coefficient.
Less resilient people reported more relapses after quitting (r= -0.424, p = 0.006). People with higher social awareness used psychological therapies to liberate from addiction (r = 0.337, P=0.033). Longer addition was reported among people who consumed opium more frequently during the day (r = 0.433, p = 0.005). More frequency of daily consumption and more years of consumption had a positive relationship with increasing the number of quits and relapses (r=0.323, p = 0.042 and r = 0.362, p = 0.022).
Addiction treatment centers should evaluate and improve the level of resilience, emotional intelligence, and type of locus of control in addicts. Most of the participants started their addiction between the ages of 20 and 25 due to curiosity, and the media and policymakers are recommended to play a vital role in raising social awareness and clarifying its devastating consequences. Most of the participants were unemployed and even needed money for more treatments, therefore, it is advisable that rehabilitation centers use occupational therapists for pre-vocational and vocational rehabilitation programs in the treatment process.