Which aspects of child development are related to the home environment? : A narrative review

Somayeh Kavousipor


Background: The home environment is the first context where children experience, so in the present review article, important aspects of the child development that influence by home environment are analyzed , and common questionnaires were used to evaluate it.

Review of literature:  The method applied in the present study was a narrative review. Initially, a variety of different sources were employed to find the related literature. The sources were such as;  web-based browsers of Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus, ProQuest & Google Scholar, OT Seeker,  Magiran and Iranmedex with keywords combination of “Development”, “child”, “home environment”, “Measurement ”&“Questionnaire” and word related to  Medical Subject Headings(MeSH) adaptation. A total of 13 articles were included to be studied in detail, in order to find the impact of home environment on the child developmental skills, including cognition, movement, emotion and interaction with regards to common home environment measurement.

Discussion: All aspect of the home environment such as; physical space, toys, play, and learning materials, child-adult interaction relationship stimulate motor, emotional and cognitive development are influenced on child developmental skills. The home environment is dependent on family culture, ethnicity, social economic status, and poverty.

Conclusion:  Most common questionnaires   (The Home Observation for Measure the Environment (HOME) in domains of cognitive and social development and the Affordance in the Home Environment for Motor Development (AHEMD) in the domain of motor development) were set up to evaluate the home environment.


Development, Child, Home environment


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