Development of a Computerized Task for measuring Time Perception

Hoora Motie, Mahmood Heidari, Fatemeh bagherian, Fariba Zarani

Abstract


Background: Time perception is considered as an important subject in
cognitive psychology, which is essential for our understanding regarding brain
mechanisms underlying human cognition and disabilities. Deficits in time
perception have been found in people with both attention-deficit/hyperactivity
disorder (ADHD), dyslexia, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease. The present
study aimed at developing and evaluating the Time Perception Software with
a sample including 152 Iranian students.
Methods: The computerized time perception task was designed based on time
estimation, reproduction, production and time comparison method. In order to
verify the reliability of the task, 30 students which were participated in the test
sample repeated the test after one month. The content and construct validity
were used in order to examine the validity of the task. The construct validity
of the time perception task was verified by analyzing the confirmatory factor
analysis using the Amos 24 software.
Results: In the modified model, the comparison factor was eliminated
(CFI=0.965). The highest correlation was observed in the time estimation of
11 seconds with a correlation coefficient which was equal to 0.935 (P=0.001),
while the lowest correlation coefficient was observed in the time production of
17 seconds with the correlation coefficient which was equal to 0.679 (P=0.001).
The internal consistency of the task indicated that the time perception task
had a near-optimal validity and its reliability was at the optimal level with the
Cronbach’s alpha which was equal to 0.67.
Conclusion: In order to conclude, The Time Perception Software appeared to
be reliable and valid for assessing and measuring time perception in the Iranian
students. This software can be used in future research investigations.


Keywords


Time estimation test, Time reproduction, Time production, Time comparison

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