Comparison of plantar pressure on normal -footed vs. high arch-footed badminton players in two-way lunge

parvane bazipoor, seyed sadreddin shojaeddin, ali shahhoseini, iraj abdollahi

Abstract


Background: Compared to the individuals with a normal arch structure, those
with high or low arch can be at an increased risk of overuse injuries. The risk
of overuse injury among athletes is high due, in part, to the repeated loading
of the lower extremities. The current study aimed to determine if foot type
(high-arched or normal) results in differences in plantar pressure during two
badminton-specific movements (right-reverse lunge and right-lateral lunge).
Methods: Twenty badminton players (10 with normal feet and 10 with higharched
feet) completed five trials in both right-reverse and right-lateral lunge,
while in-shoe pressure data were collected at 100 Hz. The peak pressure and
mean pressure were analyzed among the subjects for five major anatomical
regions of the foot, using the independent t test in SPSS version 20. The foot type
was determined by the foot posture index (FPI) (α<0.05).
Results: Results showed that the plantar pressure characteristics of normal and
high-arched feet were different; such that in high-arched feet, as compared to
normal subjects, there were significantly fewer pressure strikes in the medial
(P=0.010) and lateral (P=0.002) mid-foot in right-reverse lunge and this was
significantly higher in forefoot (P=0.003) and toes (P=0.010). However, the
peak (P=0.157) and mean (P=0.104) pressure in the heel was higher but not
significant. In the right- lateral lunge, we found statistically lower peak pressure
stroke for the lateral mid-foot (P=0.010) and forefoot (P=0.011); however, the
mean pressure was lower in the lateral (P=0.010) and medial (P=0.040) mid-foot
and forefoot (P=0.120), although it was not significant in the forefoot.
Conclusion: Results showed that the medial longitudinal arch of the foot might
cause pressure differences in the feet among the players with normal and higharched
feet. As the results demonstrated, in high-arched feet, there are some regions
where plantar pressure is higher and some where it is lower. Therefore, in order
to prevent the badminton players from suffering probable foot injuries, attention
should be paid to the compatibility of the insole/shoe and the medial longitudinal
arch and other areas of the foot that suffer more pressures than normal subjects.


Keywords


plantar pressure, injury prevention, high arch foot, badminton

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