Document Type: Original Articles

Authors

1 Department of Physical Education, Gonbad Kavoos Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gonbad Kavoos, Iran

2 Lecturer in Sport and Exercise Science, University of Central Lancashire, Cyprus

10.30476/jrsr.2019.81592.1006

Abstract

Background: The use of special intervention strategies in children with learning disabilities can improve basic skills. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a selected physical activity period on improving the fundamental skills of manipulation and locomotion in children with neuropsychological learning disabilities.
Method: The method of this research was semi experimental. 30 students with neuropsychological learning disabilities disorder participated in the study as available sampling. First, a pretest was taken. Participants were randomly divided into experimental and control groups based on pre-test scores. The experimental group, in addition to receiving their usual school programs, participated in 12 sessions 45 minutes (three sessions per week) in the selected physical activity program. The control group only did its usual programs. After completing the 12th session, the post-test was performed from experimental and control groups. Data were analyzed by independent t-test and dependent t-test in SPSS-22 software. The significance level was considered as p <0.05.
Results: The results showed that a period of physical activity training improves the skills of locomotion (running (p=0/02), skipping (p=0/01) and jumping (p=0/002)) and manipulation (kick (p=0/009), throwing (p=0/007) and catching (p=0/003)) in children with neuropsychological learning disabilities.
Conclusion: In a general conclusion, a 12-session period based on selected physical activity can improve the skills of locomotion and manipulation in children with neuropsychological learning disabilities disorder.

Keywords